Ophthalmologist Definition: an Ophthalmologist is an M.D. or a medical doctor who specializes in eye and vision care.
Ophthalmologists are educated and trained to provide the full spectrum of eye care, from prescribing glasses and contact lenses to the most difficult and delicate eye surgeries.
Ophthalmologists must complete 4 years of medical school, one year of rotating internships, and then a minimum of three years in residency in Ophthalmology. A residency in Ophthalmology concentrates and focuses on all aspects of eye care, including prevention, diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of eye conditions and diseases. Ophthalmologists may also spend an additional year or two in residency to further specialize in a specific area such as the: cornea and external disease, glaucoma, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Ophthalmic Pathology, Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Ophthalmology, or Vitreoretinal diseases.
An Ophthalmologist can prescribe vision therapy.
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